Service Provider Cloud

Cloudflare Protects Data With Lava Lamps

Cloudflare is using a wall of lava lamps in its San Francisco office as a random-number generator, which is essential to secure encryption.


Encryption requires random numbers to work, and those turn out to be difficult to come by when you're dealing with computers, which are non-random and predictable by design. "You don't want to have your computer do something different every time you turn it on," Matthew Prince, Cloudflare Inc. CEO and co-founder, tells Light Reading.

To solve that problem, computers take measurements of the world around them, which is decidedly random and unpredictable. Mobile devices can use phone accelerometers, and desktops can take measurements from the microphone, or time between keystrokes, or ambient or CPU temperature. Servers have hardware random-number generating modules.

A wall of lava lamps in Cloudflare's San Francisco office makes encryption psychedelic.
A wall of lava lamps in Cloudflare's San Francisco office makes encryption psychedelic.

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To generate its own random numbers, Cloudflare decided to use a camera trained on a bank of lava lamps in its San Francisco office, and measure the motion of the fluid in the lamps.

"Obviously we can do this in ways that are less flashy, but sometimes when you have a company that is deep infrastructure, like Cloudflare, you have to explain in easy ways what you are doing," Prince says.

Cloudflare has more information on its blog.

Cloudflare provides encryption and other security services for web applications; it claims 10% of web requests flow through its service, running out of 150 data centers worldwide. The privately held company claims more than $100 million annual revenue. This week, it launched Spectrum, a service that goes beyond web traffic to secure any Internet data, including legacy and Internet of Things applications. (See Cloudflare Wants to Protect the Whole Internet – Legacy Apps, IoT, the Works.)

Cloudflare also has dual pendulums in its London office, and a Geiger counter in Singapore, to generate random numbers. But the lava lamps are more, well, psychedelic.

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— Mitch Wagner Follow me on Twitter Visit my LinkedIn profile Visit my blog Follow me on Facebook Editor, Enterprise Cloud, Light Reading

dcharlap 4/20/2018 | 6:19:59 PM
Not a new concept I read about this back in 2003.  https://www.wired.com/2003/08/random/

I also remember reading, at the time, that the lamps were pretty much irrelevant.  The noise in the camera's CCD element itself (easily sampled by simply leaving the lens cap on) had just as much entropy as the pictures of the lava lamps.
Michelle 4/14/2018 | 1:04:32 PM
Pick a number! I saw headlines about these lamps but didn't have a chance to read more until now. It's an interesting approach for sure. I wonder if they regularly reorder the location of the lamps or swap them out for newer versions to keep the action fresh (or even if any of that might matter).
bosco_pcs 4/13/2018 | 2:02:59 PM
Hack the camera? What if you replaced the actual images of the lamps with a staled version?
mhhf1ve 4/13/2018 | 1:12:27 PM
Too classical... Science has come up with a slightly better method, even if it's not as visually cool.. with quantum mechanics.

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