It's slowly dawning on people that telecommunications infrastructure is at the heart of smart city development. I don't mean just connecting everyone and everything to the Internet. I mean figuring out how to build and maintain robust telecom networks that will be able to support electric utilities, transportation systems, educational institutions, public safety operations and much, much more at a fundamental level.
This is a huge opportunity for the telecom industry. And yet it's not at all clear that the industry is prepared -- mostly because smart city success is going to require network operators to work with local governments in ways they're not used to doing.
While I've been covering gigabit cities and some smart city attempts over the last few years, I'm taking the opportunity to study the topic more closely now. I'm interviewing city officials, talking to operators about their smart city strategies and monitoring regulatory efforts like the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) 's new Broadband Deployment Advisory Committee (BDAC).
One thing is clear: Nobody's figured out the magic formula yet.
Purely from an infrastructure perspective, I've begun to think about smart cities by the layers of networks involved. There are the fiber networks that provide bedrock capacity, the wireless networks that are more often than not the direct interface for consumer communications and new sensor networks that will ultimately enable more machine-to-machine collaboration. City governments and ISPs are trying to create strategies around all three, but both sides still have a lot to learn, and that's a process Light Reading will chronicle.
Fighting for fiber
Consider fiber. Fights over fiber deployments are notorious. Whether it's Google Fiber Inc. illustrating how difficult it is for a non-incumbent provider to gain timely access to permitted sites for equipment installations, or it's Lumos Networks being asked to pay $2.50 per foot of network build by the city of Hopewell, Virginia even as a competitor is given access to the same right-of-way areas for free, the process for getting new fiber infrastructure installed is both time-consuming and expensive. (See Broadband Has a Problem on the Pole.)
Some municipalities are taking over ownership and operation of their own broadband networks, seeing that as an improvement over commercial alternatives. But in many cases, cities and private network operators are finding ways to work together. Some local governments are forming new types of partnerships with ISPs, like the city of Philadelphia's deal with Comcast Corp. (Nasdaq: CMCSA, CMCSK) to develop a fiber-based Institutional Network. (See In Philly, Comcast Trumps Muni Broadband.)
Others are investing in their own infrastructure and then making it accessible to private operators through an open access model as in Huntsville, Alabama. Still others are forming consortiums with nearby towns and universities to pool resources and attract private network investment like local cities and schools in the Piedmont area of North Carolina. (See Google to Weave Fiber to Huntsville, Ala. and Gigabites: NC Cities Issue New Gig RFP.)
There is no one-size-fits-all solution. Everyone is still experimenting.
Next Page: Gearing up for wireless