Elon Musk's SpaceX has asked the Indian government to approve satellite broadband technologies, according to the latest filing submitted with the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), as part of a consultation on how to improve broadband penetration in the country.
SpaceX points out that while existing telecommunications networks have "performed well" to meet Internet needs, rural and remote areas continue to be "on the wrong side of the digital divide."
This problem can be addressed with next-generation satellites, which "can reach all corners of the country with high-speed, affordable service."
"SpaceX stands ready to discuss how innovation in satellite design, deployment and ground networks can support the country's broadband goals," says Patricia Cooper, vice president of satellite government affairs at SpaceX, in the filings.
The company also outlined the need for technology-agnostic broadband definitions and spectrum allotment so Starlink can kick-start operations in the country.
It further pointed out that a lack of support for high-speed satellite Internet technologies plays a role in the high cost of fixed broadband in the country.
"SpaceX does not require expensive 'last-mile' fibre lines in order to deliver reliable high-speed broadband," says Cooper.
The company also argued in favor of blanket licensing to "advance their [regulator's] goals for broadband access and administrative efficiency," adding that several countries, including Australia, Canada, Germany, Greece, New Zealand and the UK, have already adopted it.
SpaceX said in the filings that the Indian government should allot Ka-band frequency to satellite service operators. Typically, Ka-band is used to connect ground stations to satellite systems.
It also said that the E and V-band spectrum should be opened up for satellite providers, in line with TRAI's recommendations that this spectrum should be used for broadband deployment in the country.
However, the telcos want this spectrum, which can be used for 5G network backhaul, to be auctioned.
Look to the stars
Starlink has a constellation of around 4,400 non-geostationary orbit (NGSO) satellites, designed to offer Internet access. The company recently started a limited beta high-speed Internet service in the US. It eventually plans to have more than 40,000 low-orbit satellites.
"For India, SpaceX is on track with constellation deployments for continuous Starlink coverage throughout India by the end of 2021 with corresponding service capability, regulatory approvals permitting," says the filing.
Musk had recently tweeted that the company was planning to launch in India in the coming year. This led Indian operators, through industry body the Cellular Operators Association of India (COAI), to write to the Department of Space to block any backdoor entry of satellite communications operators.
The letter said that non-government private entities (NGPE), recently allowed by the administration to set up space systems to provide communication services, must be subjected to a similar licensing regime as CSPs to ensure a level playing field.
These NGPEs must acquire spectrum through auctions like other service providers, says the letter sent by the COAI.
Recently, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) had come up with a draft space communications policy to replace the existing Satellite Communications Policy. This recommends that the NGPEs should get spectrum by making a nominal payment.
India recently opened up its space sector for private satellite firms and service providers. Bharti Global, the parent company of Bharti Airtel, has recently purchased a 45% stake in OneWeb, the low-earth orbit (LEO) satellite operator in the UK.
It plans to use LEO satellites in remote areas. Bharti Airtel had also sought ISRO's cooperation earlier this year, to deliver high-speed broadband services by early 2022 using LEO satellites.
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— Gagandeep Kaur, contributing editor, special to Light Reading