Corvis Gets Some Competition

Corvis Corp. (Nasdaq: CORV) has made a big thing out of being first to market with a package of technologies for building all-optical networks –- networks that eliminate transponders and thus slash carrier costs.

Now, however, Corvis has gotten some direct competition. A U.K. startup called Ilotron Ltd. has developed a similar (and possibly better) package of technologies with exactly the same goal.

Both Ilotron and Corvis say that the only way carriers can build a genuine all-optical network is to buy a complete, integrated package of optical switches, ultralong-haul DWDM (dense wavelength-division multiplexing) transmission equipment, and management software from the same vendor.

This is because every route across an optical backbone has different characteristics, and those characteristics can change over time. As a result, the idea of point-and-click provisioning of connections over optical backbones has to go a lot further than simply mapping out a route between switches. The transmission equipment on each span needs tuning and may need regular adjustments after being set up.

Right now, that’s a laborious manual task requiring engineers at either end of each span to tinker with equipment while monitoring the signal quality with test equipment.

Ilotron and probably Corvis (it won’t talk about its technology) have eliminated this requirement by embedding measurement probes in their equipment so that the tuning can be done remotely as well as locally, via management systems.

While Ilotron and Corvis appear to have identical goals, Ilotron is taking a totally different (and refreshing) stance on explaining its technology and allowing folk to take a close look inside its switch, which is undergoing lab trials at British Telecommunications PLC (BT) (NYSE: BTY).

Light Reading has witnessed these trials and has seen Ilotron’s management system being used to reconfigure its switch and tune transmissions. In other words, it’s definitely real and it works.

All the same, Ilotron is clearly some way behind Corvis. It only got its first round of funding -- $10 million –- one year ago (see Ilotron Ltd.), and right now Ilotron only has a single prototype switch, the one at BT’s labs. However, it’s close to finalizing a second round, which will enable it to build four more switches for lab trials with other carriers that have already been selected, according to Stuart Barnes, Ilotron’s director of engineering. These carriers include “global, European, and American” players, he adds. At present, Ilotron has about 90 staff.

In comparison, Corvis has actually shipped commercial products to at least three customers. As usual with Corvis, it’s tough to pin down specifics. Broadwing Communications (NYSE: BRW) appears to be the only carrier to have bought and deployed a complete package of switches (at least one, maybe more), transmission equipment, and management software. Broadwing is running production traffic over Corvis equipment, according to a senior source in Corvis, who asked not to be identified. Light Reading has asked Broadwing to give details on two occasions in the past month but hasn’t gotten a response.

So, how does Ilotron stack up against Corvis from a technology point of view?

The lack of information about Corvis makes this a tricky undertaking, but Ilotron appears to have a significant edge in a number of respects. The best way of approaching it is to look at the different elements in each vendor’s package.

Table 1: Corvis Gets Some Competition
Ilotron Corvis
Number of fibers 16x16 6x6
Fully redundant? Yes Not disclosed
Switching fabric MEMS Not disclosed
Wavelength conversion Integrated Add-on
Status Operator lab trial Shipping
Transmission system:
Wavelengths per fiber 160 @ 10 Gbit/s 160 @ 2.5 Gbit/s or 40 @ 10 Gbit/s
Maximum distance 2,000 km on legacy network 3,200 km on new network
Status Operator lab trial Shipping
Overall package:
Monitoring of signal quality Optical signal-to-noise ratio plus bit error rate Not disclosed

The Switch

It’s important to realize that both Corvis and Ilotron have made switches that sit in the core of optical networks, switching wavelengths. They shouldn’t be compared with switches that pack lower bandwidth connections into wavelengths before switching them, from the likes of Ciena Corp. (Nasdaq: CIEN) and Sycamore Networks Inc. (Nasdaq: SCMR), which have electrical cores in any case.

Ilotron’s switch has an optical core that’s based on arrays of tiny tilting mirrors -- 2D MEMS (micro-electro-mechanical systems) subsystems from OMM Inc., currently the only vendor to be shipping commercial product of this type.

Corvis also has an optical core but won’t say what it’s based on. It has bought OMM subsystems itself but warns against reading too much into this. “We’re testing all sorts of technologies all the time,” says the source in the company who wants to remain anonymous (sigh).

Ilotron’s switch can have up to 16 input and 16 output fibers, while Corvis’s switch has up to six of each.

To be fair, Ilotron is banking on most carriers wanting 8x8 because that’s what OMM is focusing most of its production on, according to Barnes. Ilotron will get a limited supply of 16x16 subsystems, he adds.

At first glance, this makes both Ilotron’s and Corvis’s switch look really small. However each fiber can carry as many as 160 wavelengths –- so Ilotron can handle up to 2,560 wavelengths and Corvis can handle less than half of that, 960.

Things get more complicated still, unfortunately, because it’s not possible to convert one wavelength to another without changing the optical signal back into an electrical one and retransmitting it. This is an integral part of the Ilotron box, but it’s an after-thought with the Corvis switch. Another box has to be bought to accomplish this.

Ilotron makes a big thing out of this, pointing out that it ensures that retransmitted wavelengths dovetail nicely with other streams of traffic that have whistled through its switch without needing any conversion. It’s hard to identify the opposite argument for Corvis’s approach, because it won’t say how any of its gear works.

Ilotron also makes a big thing out of having a fully redundant switch. This means that it’s got two switching cores, one live and one backup, and another bunch of switches and control software to shunt traffic from one to the other at the slightest sign of trouble. It’s also got more granular mechanisms for automatically shifting traffic from one line card to another, so that switching capacity is used efficiently.

Corvis flat refuses to talk about redundancy, saying that this would give clues about its secret switching fabric.

The Transmission System

Ilotron’s current transmission system is designed to carry 160 wavelengths, each supporting an OC192 (10 Gbit/s) Sonet connection. It’s planning on adding support for OC48 (2.5 Gbit/s) because many carriers haven’t upgraded to higher speeds at present.

Corvis can only manage OC48 over 160 wavelengths and has to scale back to 40 wavelengths to carry 10-Gbit/s traffic.

Corvis has a significant lead in terms of breaking distance records. It’s managed 4,000 kilometers in a trial and says it can stretch to 3,200 kilometers in field conditions.

Ilotron is claiming a more modest 2,000 kilometers but claims that it can do this over legacy fiber infrastructure, where EDFAs (erbium doped fiber amplifiers) are typically spaced at 80 kilometer intervals and losses reach 23 decibels per span.

Barnes says that Corvis’s transmission system won’t work on legacy fiber. It’s designed for new networks built with modern fiber, EDFAs at 60km intervals, and losses of 20dB per span. Guess what? Corvis declines to comment on this issue.

Ilotron, it should be said, has yet to demonstrate that it can achieve what it claims. Barnes maintains that it is possible to forecast performance with transmission systems. He contends it’s standard practice with subsea systems.

Management System

Ilotron has developed a two-tier management system. At one level, it enables individual switches to be configured and transmission characteristics to be tuned on a span-by-span basis. On another level, it gives operators the big picture for point-and-click provisioning of strings of wavelengths.

The performance of the transmission systems is monitored by two types of built-in probe. One gives the optical signal-to-noise ratio and the other gives the bit error rate. Both are required, according to Barnes.

Corvis? It would be tough to compare management systems even if both sides gave full information. Unsurprisingly, Corvis declines to say how (or even if) it monitors signal quality.

-- Peter Heywood, international editor, Light Reading http://www.lightreading.com

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Rugger 12/4/2012 | 8:59:36 PM
re: Corvis Gets Some Competition This is yet another opportunity for LightReading to bash Corvis. What the media doesn't understand, they deride. Just like a child who pouts when she can't have a cookie. IMHO, Corvis is doing great things and, once others have matched their technological feats, they will disclose. No reason to give up the secret any sooner. Why help the competition? I praise Broadwing, Williams and Qwest for having the foresight to invest in Corvis and their products. I dislike LightReading more each time they put Corvis down simply because they don't know. That reeks of bad journalism. Please don't publish opinions, publish facts.
Steve Saunders 12/4/2012 | 8:59:36 PM
re: Corvis Gets Some Competition * who else competes in this OOO market? where does Nortel fit? doesn't Lucent already ship a competing product?

* how big is this market, now, compared with legacy optical technology (crossconnects, ADMs etc.)?

* how big will it be in two year's time?

Rugger 12/4/2012 | 8:59:35 PM
re: Corvis Gets Some Competition Evasive and secretive? How about tomorrow's earnings announcement and conference call? Come on. And, to whomever asked about my working for, or investment in Corvis, the answers are no and no.
montana 12/4/2012 | 8:59:35 PM
re: Corvis Gets Some Competition Certainly interesting to hear about Illotron, but please--get off your Corvis kick. Why does LR continue to harp on the lack of Info on Corvis. On the one hand LR says they don't know anything about Corvis product--but then writes an elaborate article on how a fledgling start-up may be better.

LR continues to try to tweek Corvis--and I continue to believe that it won't work--it won't make Corvis talk.
x1797 12/4/2012 | 8:59:34 PM
re: Corvis Gets Some Competition I don't work for Corvis, but I do work for an optical startup company. I agree 100% that Light Reading bashes companies that they can't get information from.

It's kind of like a calling you a bunch of names to try to get you pissed off enough to stand up for yourselves.

So for you Corvis employees, you're not alone. And, no, I will not mention the startup company that I work for (out of fear that Light Reading will find some way to bash it again).

Light Reading needs to stop being the National Enquirer of Optics. They out to post facts, and not make presumptions as they so often do.

x1797 12/4/2012 | 8:59:34 PM
re: Corvis Gets Some Competition My last sentence should have said "They ought" and not "They out"
hey_you 12/4/2012 | 8:59:32 PM
re: Corvis Gets Some Competition I would like to make few points:

1. I am impressed with CORV because it seems like more and more companies are going in to the same direction of Corvis.

2. Of course there are going to be more companies with better product but the game is who has the lead.

3. It seems lkie LR is desperate to know Corvis secret. There are trade-offs..I think since corv is a public company it has certain responsibility to make certain things public to boost shareholders confidence. On the other hand, corv needs to keep the important ingredients secretive
to keep it lead. Thus, it is upto corv how to maintain this balance.
eminem 12/4/2012 | 8:59:31 PM
re: Corvis Gets Some Competition LR is quickly losing all credibility with its psychotic maligning of Corvis.

Its time for the LR editor to put a stop to this nonsense.
voice of sanity 12/4/2012 | 8:59:30 PM
re: Corvis Gets Some Competition "On the other hand, corv needs to keep the important ingredients secretive
to keep it lead."

Don't you think the following scenario is a lot more likely:

In order to gain that first mover advantage Corvis had to implement some early-stage technology. That technology is now in danger of being surpassed by new approaches from other vendors. So....Corvis simply refuses to tell people how its product works -- thus avoiding any criticism of it, and giving it the freedom to upgrade it with new technology when they feel the need.

2cWorth 12/4/2012 | 8:59:29 PM
re: Corvis Gets Some Competition Dont you think y'all are making too much of this. Granted, Corvis might have some secret sauce that may facilitate the implementation of more cost effective optical networks. But one blaring fact remains they can only transport OC48, and to support OC192 they have a cluge inverse mux. Give me a break! 192 IS the name of the game now, and next year it will be 768. Do you really expect Dr Dave to be in the sweet spot 12 months from now? If so I want some of what you are smoking 'cause its some good sh*&!

I for one focus on the facts, Ill leave the fascination in mystique to the rest of y'all.
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