The evolution to 5.5G will require on-demand frequency allocation and much greater network intelligence, Huawei says.
Elaborating on the vendor's proposals for enhancing 5G, Gan Bin, wireless network product line vice president, said it was essential to have on-demand frequency allocation for sub-100GHz. This might even require dedicated downlink or uplink in some bands in the future, he said.
"It is about flexible aggregation or flexible allocation of resources," he told the Huawei analysts' summit Tuesday.
Gan predicted that AR and VR would become "the most basic applications" in 5.5G, but with their large bandwidth and uplink requirements, all users would need to be able to access gigabit uplinks and downlinks. The evolution to 5.5G would also require a customized air interface and on-demand orchestration, he said. Because of the expansion in the number of diverse scenarios, the network pipes and the RAN would need to be more intelligent.
The topology also needed to be intelligent and able to be assembled dynamically to ensure a consistent experience, he said, adding that C-band and mmwave would enable much bigger bandwidth for 5.5G, "so we can use the small cells connecting to the transmission and have a mesh network and carry out routing dynamically on demand."
Gan said massive MIMO was the fundamental technology for 5G and 5.5G: "You have to bring massive antenna array to every band and every scenario to ensure high level performance." He said FDD needed to adopt Massive MIMO solutions as TDD had. If FDD were able to combine 2.1G or 1.8GhZ wideband it would enable 700 or 800Mhz of continuous coverage. Additionally, massive MIMO could be deployed in indoor distributed sites, he said.
It would have the ability to turn signals across different cells into signals that can support multiple users within one cell, increasing capacity by several fold. Huawei and China Mobile jointly released a white paper on 5G indoor positioning on Tuesday, aimed at meeting "increasing demand for services related to the indoor positioning of people and objects."
The paper calls for open APIs and identifies dozens of potential scenarios including SOS alarms, geofence access management, chemical equipment positioning, tracking emergency response personnel and managing spare parts.
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— Robert Clark, contributing editor, special to Light Reading