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North Korea rolls out 4G service with secondhand Huawei gear

North Korean authorities started signing up 4G subscribers after the country upgraded its telecom network with secondhand equipment bought mainly from China's Huawei.

Gigi Onag

January 9, 2024

2 Min Read
North Korea capital Pyongyang
North Korea is in the process of rolling out 4G, with coverage said to be limited for now.(Source: Tomoyuki Mizuta from Pixabay)

North Korean authorities have started signing up 4G subscribers after the country upgraded its network with secondhand telecommunications equipment bought mainly from China's Huawei.

According to local news site Daily NK, authorities have completed the construction of 4G cell towers in some areas of the country – with the goal of constructing over 80% of planned cell towers by 2025.

Currently, 4G services are available mostly in the central districts of the capital, Pyongyang.

''People who have subscribed to the new network say the signal is really good, with no interruptions when browsing the intranet or watching shows,'' an unnamed source told Daily NK.

However, the source added that the signal disappears when users are far from a base station. This is prompting North Koreans to wait until 4G coverage throughout the country has improved substantially before subscribing to the new network. For one, mobile devices in the country do not automatically switch to 3G when the 4G signal is weak.

"People with 4G devices are holding on to their 3G devices, using both phones together," anonymous sources told local media. This comes amid reassurances from the government of a strong 4G coverage with signals reaching areas that were previously dead zones, including underground.

One generation behind

Industry observers noted that North Korea is traditionally one generation behind current cellular technology as it makes use of secondhand gear that comes on the market as other operators upgrade their networks.

Sunnet, a 2G network, was launched in 2002 just as other countries began the rollout of 3G technology, and Koryolink launched its 3G network in late 2008, just a few months before the first 4G networks were introduced.

It is widely believed that the development of 4G and 5G networks in the country will follow the same trajectory.

3G network upgrade

News reports said the government started replacing telecom gear in October to upgrade existing 3G networks as well as pave the way for the establishment of 4G-based services in the country.

Using secondhand Huawei equipment, North Korea has gradually replaced repeaters, remote monitors, radio transmission and reception amplifiers, radio signal processing controls at the base transceiver stations, starting in the major cities of Pyongyang, Nampo, Pyongsong, Sariwon, Wonsan, and Hamhung.

Latest data from GSMA Intelligence showed that approximately 28.3% of North Korea's 26.2 million population has a mobile connection – all are prepaid subscriptions and only a quarter with smartphones.

In 2023, the annual growth rate of mobile connections was less than 3%, while smartphone connections increased nearly 12% to 1.9 million.

According to the GSMA research unit, mobile operator Byol ended 2023 with 7.1 million 3G connections while rival Koryolink ended the year with 400,000 3G subscribers.

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Asia

About the Author(s)

Gigi Onag

Senior Editor, APAC, Light Reading

Gigi Onag is Senior Editor, APAC, Light Reading. She has been a technology journalist for more than 15 years, covering various aspects of enterprise IT across Asia Pacific.

She started with regional IT publications under CMP Asia (now Informa), including Asia Computer Weekly, Intelligent Enterprise Asia and Network Computing Asia and Teledotcom Asia. This was followed by stints with Computerworld Hong Kong and sister publications FutureIoT and FutureCIO. She had contributed articles to South China Morning Post, TechTarget and PC Market among others.

She interspersed her career as a technology editor with a brief sojourn into public relations before returning to journalism joining the editorial team of Mix Magazine, a MICE publication and its sister publication Business Traveller Asia Pacific.

Gigi is based in Hong Kong and is keen to delve deeper into the region’s wide wild world of telecoms.

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