& cplSiteName &

Countdown to 'Seven-Oh-Seven'

Jeff Baumgartner
LR Cable News Analysis
Jeff Baumgartner
5/25/2007
50%
50%

T-minus five weeks and counting.

U.S. cable operators, big and small, are hustling to comply with a quickly approaching mandate from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) that will ban MSOs from buying and deploying set-tops with integrated security. That ban comes into effect July 1, 2007.

When the ban becomes active, cable operators will be prohibited from purchasing or deploying any new set-tops with the security embedded in the device.

After June 30, 2007, any newly purchased and deployed digital set-top purchases must have separable security. More often than not, this separation will occur at the set-top via a special interface that houses the CableCARD, a removable module that contains the conditional access keys necessary to authorize digital cable services. Most "host" devices (set-tops) deployed after this date will handle interactive services such as video-on-demand when used in tandem with the Multistream CableCARD, or M-Card. (See Show Me the M-Card!)

The cable industry is also developing more elegant, less expensive downloadable conditional access systems, but those will not be ready for commercial deployment by the deadline. (See PolyCipher Targets '08 Trials and Small Cablers Plan Sub-$100 Set-Tops.)

By separating out the security elements, the FCC mandate aims to open up cable set-top competition -- an arena presently dominated by Motorola Inc. (NYSE: MOT) and Scientific Atlanta , with some limited traction obtained in recent years by Pace Micro Technology .

Although competition might open up sometime down the road, many operators have complained that the ban will create an unnecessary cost burden in the near-term, and force them to introduce a new system that provides little to no incremental services benefit to cable customers.

Most of those cost-related complaints have centered on low-end, entry level digital set-tops. Operators have argued that the CableCARD version of some set-top models cost two to three times that of integrated security models that provide similar capabilities.

RCN Corp. , for example, has disclosed in FCC filings that the DCT700, a bare-bones all-digital model with integrated security, costs about $84 each, while the DCH100 -- the closest CableCARD equivalent model -- costs about $232 per unit.

Faced with this cost discrepancy, several MSOs, including RCN, have applied for special waivers for lower-end set-top models with integrated security. So far, those efforts have been hit and miss. The FCC Media Bureau declined a waiver request from Comcast, but has granted conditional waivers to a handful of other operators. (See FCC to Comcast: 'No Waiver for You' and MSOs Get Waiver on Set-Top Security.)

Many other MSOs are still awaiting decisions on their requests. The table below offers a snapshot of present waiver activity.

Table 1: Set-Top Waiver Activity

Company Request FCC Media Bureau Action/Status*
BendBroadband Sought waiver on the Motorola DCT700, an entry-level, all-digital set-top that costs less than $100 per unit. Operator argued that the box is critical to its plans to migrate to an all-digital environment. Granted waiver on condition that operator accomplish its migration to all-digital by 2008. Operator must also reach certain milestones during this period.
Cablevision Systems Corp. Sought permanent waiver, citing that deployed digital set-top already use removable SmartCard-based conditional access systems (supplied by NDS Group). Grandfathered Cablevison's present use of set-tops with SmartCard technology until July 1, 2009. After that date, Cablevision must migrate to FCC-approved separable security such as the CableCard or a downloadable conditional access system.
Charter Communications Sought waiver on seven set-top box models. Granted a waiver on those models until July 1, 2008, citing the MSO's "financial difficulties" in its justification. Charter may also file a request for an extension.
Comcast Sought waiver on three entry-level, all-digital models: the Motorola DCT700, Scientific Atlanta 940, and Pace Micro "Chicago" DC501p. Denied Comcast's request for a waiver. MSO now seeking full FCC review of the matter.
GCI Sought waiver on all new set-top boxes, acknowledging it "primarily relies" on the Motorola DCT700, an all-digital model, and two hybrid analog/digital models: the DCT1000, and DCT2000. Granted waiver on the DCT700, DCT1000, and DCT2000, but stipulated that the operator must migrate systems to all-digital by Feb. 17, 2009.
OneSource Communications Sought waiver for the Motorola DCT700 entry-level all-digital box, and the DCT3416, a model with on-board DVR and HDTV capabilities. Conditionally granted waiver on the DCT700, so long as MSO commits to migrate to all-digital by Feb. 17, 2009. FCC denied waiver on the DCT3416, arguing that the model is not "critical" to the operator's all-digital ambitions.
* Results as of May 25, 2007. The FCC Media Bureau has yet to act on several other waiver requests from service providers such as RCN Corp. and Verizon.




To reduce the operational impact of the ban, most operators plan to deploy set-tops with the CableCARD pre-inserted at the factory. As the theory goes, this should all but eliminate the impact on warehousing and provisioning as boxes reach the operator and make their way to the field. Set-top makers have already made this an option for cable operators as they place purchase orders ahead of the deadline.

"The key is to make this as seamless as possible to the consumers," says Marwan Fawaz, the executive vice president and chief technology officer of Charter Communications Inc. .

This installation in the series tracks the progress of three cable operators: Charter Communications, Cox Communications Inc. , and Bresnan Communications. Future reports will cover the progress and challenges faced by other MSOs, how set-top manufacturers are stepping up to meet the tremendous demand for CableCARD hosts, and gauge the opportunities (or lack thereof) the deadline will present to consumer electronics manufacturers that are looking to crack the U.S. cable set-top market.

Charter Communications
Charter is one of a fortunate few to obtain a limited waiver on several digital set-top models with integrated security.

But that waiver -- set to conclude in July 2008 unless Charter tries to extend it -- gives the operator only limited relief and breathing room.

"We're thankful for the waiver," Fawaz acknowledges. "But that still doesn't completely put us in a position where we don't have to support host boxes."

On that note, he points out that more than half of Charter's set-tops are high-end units that support high-definition television (HDTV), digital video recording (DVR), or a combo of both. Because the waiver only addresses low-end set-tops, Charter will still have to deploy the CableCARD versions of the more advanced STB models.

Because those high-end boxes support some services and apps not found in entry-level digital boxes, the bigger cost on the CableCARD version is "a pill easier to swallow," Fawaz says.

Knowing the situation, Charter has been preparing for the deadline in earnest even before it was granted the waiver, gearing up in areas such as warehousing, procurement, training, billing, and customer care.

"It's not a flash-cut when you talk about warehouses," Fawaz says, adding that Charter is trying to exhaust its supply of integrated boxes as much as possible before July 1. Any "new" set-tops with integrated security (i.e., units that have not been deployed to customer homes) still languishing in the warehouse after the deadline will be as useful as boat anchors.

"It's an absolute balance operators have to work through," Fawaz says. "If you haven't provided the right forecast six to nine months ago, it will be extremely challenging." Charter, he adds, started getting ready for the July 2007 ban in the third and fourth quarters of 2006.

While coordinating with suppliers and allocating procurement resources has marked one of the biggest challenges faced by Charter in its preparation for the mandated ban, getting on top of new software releases and getting the bugs worked out and patches installed has also complicated the effort.

"That's been ongoing since the fourth quarter of last year, and we're on the tail end of that," Fawaz says. "We're confident we'll be ready. We have no choice but to comply with the rules."

To Page 2

(3)  | 
Comment  | 
Print  | 
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View        ADD A COMMENT
DDustin
50%
50%
DDustin,
User Rank: Light Beer
12/5/2012 | 3:49:44 PM
re: Countdown to 'Seven-Oh-Seven'
The FCC pulling a move like this is very scary. It makes you wonder who might have been bribed and by who. The 'vouchers' look like another system of exchanging favors.

This ordeal stinks of corruption.
tomcoseven
50%
50%
tomcoseven,
User Rank: Light Beer
12/5/2012 | 3:07:53 PM
re: Countdown to 'Seven-Oh-Seven'
Just for completeness, you may want to include the status on the Verizon waiver, which was requested in July 2006.

Satellite is excluded (for now) since at one time in ancient history multi-vendor boxes were sold nationwide through retail stores, rather than leased. It would be interesting to hear whether anyone thinks the FCC will update their positon to reflect current realities, or if Satellite keep this competitive advantage. Also it would be interesing to hear the updated thinking on AT&T's positioning. For the longest time AT&T was arguing they were exempt from any Title VI requirements (franchising, must carry, 629, etc...), because they were a data service. However, if Net Neutrality goes forward (with the Dorgan-Snow exclusion for Title VI), AT&T might want to rethink this.
Jeff Baumgartner
50%
50%
Jeff Baumgartner,
User Rank: Light Beer
12/5/2012 | 3:07:53 PM
re: Countdown to 'Seven-Oh-Seven'
"Just for completeness, you may want to include the status on the Verizon waiver, which was requested in July 2006."

It wasn't pointed out in the story, but the chart within the story did indicate that Verizon, RCN, and several other video service operators are still awaiting answers on their waiver requests. As for Verizon, my understanding is that they are seeking waiver until boxes with downloadable CA becomes commercially viable. But it is good that you mention that DBS is excluded from the fun for now. We'll also do some checking on AT&T's thinking on this...and what Verizon is doing now to prepare for the deadline barring a waiver.
From The Founder
NFV's promises of automation and virtualization are intriguing, but what really excites service providers is the massive amount of money they could save.
Flash Poll
Live Streaming Video
Charting the CSP's Future
Six different communications service providers join to debate their visions of the future CSP, following a landmark presentation from AT&T on its massive virtualization efforts and a look back on where the telecom industry has been and where it's going from two industry veterans.
LRTV Documentaries
Phone Review: Moto Z2 Play

8|22|17   |   1:54   |   (0) comments


Light Reading Mobile Editor Dan Jones reviews the Moto Z2 Play, which he calls 'a nice modern Android phone with good battery life and one of the nicest cameras' he's seen. The Moto Z2 Play is a Gigabit LTE-ready phone, but we were not able to test speeds that fast in the US.
LRTV Documentaries
Three Gets Smart(y), BT Invokes Twitter – The Recap

8|21|17   |     |   (0) comments


From Telecoms.com, a recap of the week's telecoms talking points. It's been a week of gimmicks as Three tests out a pay-as-you-go sub-brand called Smarty; Comcast
Women in Comms Introduction Videos
VMWare VP Brings Women Up With Her

8|16|17   |   6:49   |   (1) comment


It's an art and a science to make mentorship, inclusive leadership, diversity and promotion of high-potential women work, says Honore' LaBourdette, vice president of Global Market Development at VMWare.
LRTV Documentaries
5G Spectrum Wars – The Recap

8|15|17   |   2:22   |   (0) comments


Service provider 3 has filed a lawsuit against Ofcom over 5G spectrum auction in the UK.
LRTV Custom TV
Say What? Facebook Unleashes AI Anarchy – The Recap

8|7|17   |     |   (0) comments


A recap of the week's talking points on Light Reading's sister site, telecoms.com. Facebook AI programmers had a bit of a brain-fade as they allowed one of its AI applications to invent its ...
Women in Comms Introduction Videos
Fujitsu's Women Band Together to Help Girls Do STEM

8|2|17   |   9:35   |   (1) comment


Supporting women both inside and outside of Fujitsu is a top priority of the telecom vendor. Yanbing Li, Fujitsu Network Communication's director of System Software Development & Delivery, shares why it's important, but why there's still a long road ahead.
LRTV Custom TV
If You're Not First, You're Last – The Recap

7|31|17   |   08:18   |   (1) comment


In case you missed it, Amazon's 1% stock increase helped Jeff Bezos dethrone Bill Gates as the richest man in the world. Also, Taiwanese electronics manufacturer
Women in Comms Introduction Videos
AT&T's Tech President Preps Workforce for the Future

7|26|17   |   5:47   |   (10) comments


AT&T is focused on the software-defined network of the future and is reskilling its workforce to get ready too, according to AT&T's President of Technology Development Melissa Arnoldi.
Women in Comms Introduction Videos
Cisco: Mentoring Critical to Attract & Retain Women

7|19|17   |   6:40   |   (1) comment


Liz Centoni, senior vice president and general manager of Cisco's Computing System Product Group, shares why mentoring in all its forms is important for women and what Cisco is doing that's made a difference for women in tech.
LRTV Custom TV
Gigabit LTE With Snapdragon 835

7|12|17   |     |   (1) comment


At an event in Wembley stadium, EE used its live network to demonstrate gigabit LTE using a Sony Xperia XZ Premium smartphone with a Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 chip.
LRTV Custom TV
Implementing Machine Intelligence With Guavus

7|12|17   |     |   (0) comments


Guavus unites big data and machine intelligence, enabling many of the the largest service providers in the world to save money and drive measureable revenue. Learn how applying Machine Intelligence substantially reduces operational costs and in many cases can eliminate subscriber impact, meaning a better subscriber experience and higher NPS.
LRTV Custom TV
Unlocking Customer Experience Insights With Machine Intelligence

7|12|17   |     |   (0) comments


When used to analyze operational data and to drive operational decisions, machine intelligence reduces the number of tasks which require human intervention. Guavus invested in Machine Intelligence early. Learn about the difference between Machine Learning and Machine Intelligence.
Upcoming Live Events
September 28, 2017, Denver, CO
October 18, 2017, Colorado Convention Center - Denver, CO
November 1, 2017, The Royal Garden Hotel
November 1, 2017, The Montcalm Marble Arch
November 2, 2017, 8 Northumberland Avenue, London, UK
November 30, 2017, The Westin Times Square
All Upcoming Live Events
Infographics
With the mobile ecosystem becoming increasingly vulnerable to security threats, AdaptiveMobile has laid out some of the key considerations for the wireless community.
Hot Topics
Why AT&T May Dump Home Security Biz
Mari Silbey, Senior Editor, Cable/Video, 8/21/2017
Verizon & Friends Bust Through Gigabit LTE in the Lab
Dan Jones, Mobile Editor, 8/21/2017
Disney, iflix Team Up to Take Down Netflix
Aditya Kishore, Practice Leader, Video Transformation, Telco Transformation, 8/22/2017
WiCipedia: Dolly Babes, Manifesto Backlash & 'Brotastic' Failures
Eryn Leavens, Special Features & Copy Editor, 8/18/2017
T-Mobile Turns On First 600MHz 4G Sites
Dan Jones, Mobile Editor, 8/16/2017
Like Us on Facebook
Twitter Feed
Animals with Phones
Talk About a Custom-Made Workstation! Click Here
Proper ergonomics indeed.
Live Digital Audio

Understanding the full experience of women in technology requires starting at the collegiate level (or sooner) and studying the technologies women are involved with, company cultures they're part of and personal experiences of individuals.

During this WiC radio show, we will talk with Nicole Engelbert, the director of Research & Analysis for Ovum Technology and a 23-year telecom industry veteran, about her experiences and perspectives on women in tech. Engelbert covers infrastructure, applications and industries for Ovum, but she is also involved in the research firm's higher education team and has helped colleges and universities globally leverage technology as a strategy for improving recruitment, retention and graduation performance.

She will share her unique insight into the collegiate level, where women pursuing engineering and STEM-related degrees is dwindling. Engelbert will also reveal new, original Ovum research on the topics of artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things, security and augmented reality, as well as discuss what each of those technologies might mean for women in our field. As always, we'll also leave plenty of time to answer all your questions live on the air and chat board.