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Carrier WiFi

Hotspot 2.0 Makes Slow & Steady Progress

BARCELONA -- Mobile World Congress -- The hype around Hotspot 2.0 is giving way to slow and steady progress from the operators with a practical focus on policy.

That was the general perception of the two-year-old standard, which automatically connects mobile users to carrier WiFi networks, at this week's MWC in Barcelona. To work seamlessly, the standard requires support in the handset, at the access point, and from mobile operators. So far, the Wi-Fi Alliance has certified more than 75 devices that support the standard, but the operators are just now starting to come around. (See WiFi Passpoint: Ready for Prime Time and AT&T: Hotspot 2.0 Integral to Multimode Small Cells.)

"I would say that Hotspot 2.0 is making steady gains but not outrageous gains," Devicescape Software Inc. CEO Dave Fraser told Light Reading at the show. "It's almost been overhyped as the silver bullet for capacity and service issues, but Hotspot 2.0 or any carrier WiFi can be expensive and time consuming."

For consumers, Hotspot 2.0 is important because of the automatic authentication and the potential for lower bills, but its scope remains pretty limited. Fraser said it does nothing to improve the quality of your WiFi, and it won't seek out noncarrier networks unless they are roaming partners of the carrier. (See Carrier WiFi: The Handoff Tradeoff.)

"The whole quality of experience area is still ground for improvement," he said. "Hotspot 2.0 only goes 10% of the way there. It doesn't say you're too far from the network or what the servers are willing to do."

However, the operators are working on that, as well. For them, the appeal of Hotspot 2.0 is increased use of WiFi, alleviating network congestion, and the ability to choose when to hand off based on network conditions, speed, location, and billing preferences.

At least, that's the goal, and the industry is working now on the policy piece, according to Matthew MacPherson, director of technical marketing Cisco Systems Inc. (Nasdaq: CSCO). At this week's show, Cisco, AT&T Inc. (NYSE: T), and Accuris Networks plc trialed the technology, but using it required forgetting any other previously used WiFi network. It was far from automatic.

MacPherson said this won't be an issue when it's provisioned out the box, which will be the case going forward. Hotspot 2.0 can be pushed to new devices via a software update, as was the case with Apple's iOS 7 update, and it's being included in most future Android phones. (See iOS 7: The Next-Gen Hotspot Game Changer .)

Another thing helping to move the technology forward is the fact that Boingo Wireless Inc. has expanded its Hotspot 2.0 carrier and device maker trial, which started at Chicago's O'Hare International Airport, to 21 airports across the country. Derek Peterson, Boingo's senior vice president of engineering, told us in a preshow interview that all the carriers are talking about enacting Hotspot 2.0 today, but roaming agreements are still necessary and still must be forged. Boingo, which acts as a hub for more than 140 operators' hotspots, has several such contracts in the works. (See Boingo Expands Hotspot 2.0 to 21 Airports, WiFi 2.0: Roaming Holds the Key, and WiFi Roaming: The Technical Considerations.)

"The technology might be new, the approach is new, but the business is the same," Peterson said.

— Sarah Reedy, Senior Editor, Light Reading

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macster 3/2/2014 | 11:47:41 AM
Re: Progress is good... "Re: Progress is good...
WiFi is great in an office, home, or campus, but insufficiently reliable when you leave your regular places."


But aren't these the places people tend to consume the most?
Joe Stanganelli 2/28/2014 | 11:53:22 PM
Re: Progress is good... With more "unlimited" plans getting grandfathered out by big providers as newer and newer devices get released (and, therefore, more and more new contracts signed), I suspect we'll continue to see growth in public and semi-public WiFi.

Of course, it's hard to reach your limits anyway unless you do a lot of streaming.
Joe Stanganelli 2/28/2014 | 11:51:43 PM
Re: Progress is good... Especially if your home or office WiFi is named something common like "linksys" or "attwifi"!!!  Can't find the article now, but I remember reading some months ago about routers/devices with common names like that that would take advantage of a bug in mobile software where the devices would automatically connect to the default name, thinking it was the one they were supposed to be connecting to -- allowing a miscreant to access and steal all kinds of information.
Michelle 2/28/2014 | 2:59:47 PM
Re: Progress is good... @Sarah Ah yes, I know I read that about the quality of WiFi - I must have been wearing my cynic goggles. Authentication shouldn't cause problems in quality. Thanks for clearing that up.
majortom1981 2/28/2014 | 8:25:52 AM
Re: Progress is good... cablevisions optimum wifi network seems to be doing pretty good and for cheap. They are now giving customers routers that also have otpimumwifi enabled. I can see this hotspot 2.0 helping to make it so you can conenct to another optimum wifi access point without disconencting what you are doing.
Sarah Thomas 2/28/2014 | 3:38:25 AM
Re: Progress is good... As the blog notes, H2 doesn't change the quaility of WiFi, just the authentication process. It's not the only way to do it - ANDSF is another standard -- but the more support it gets, the more useful it becomes.
Michelle 2/27/2014 | 10:50:07 PM
Re: Progress is good... The new hotspot could easily become unreliable wifi version 2.0. I hope it works out better than expected...
mhhf1ve 2/27/2014 | 7:10:22 PM
Re: Progress is good... FakeMitch, WiFi's unreliability is exactly why I'm skeptical of any hotspot 2.0 really catching on. The economics of deploying WiFi access points in sufficient number doesn't seem to make sense. It's the reason why so many municipal WiFi projects have stalled. 

Maybe if the costs of the WiFi access points has significantly fallen...? Have antennas gotten a whole lot cheaper recently?
Mitch Wagner 2/27/2014 | 6:08:53 PM
Re: Progress is good... WiFi is great in an office, home, or campus, but insufficiently reliable when you leave your regular places. 
mhhf1ve 2/27/2014 | 5:44:06 PM
Re: Progress is good... FakeMitch, I'd assume that HotSpot2.0 would include a provisioned VPN service to help with the privacy and security concerns, but maybe I'm too optimistic about that.

WiFi has been overhyped so many times, it's a bit ridiculous. WiFi has some inherent limitations that will restrict its usefulness -- the coverage of WiFi is spotty, to be charitable. So I don't think many consumers are going to be relying on it that much. It's a nice thing to have, but it's not something that you're going to go out of your way for.
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