LONDON -- OSS in the Era of SDN and NFV -- Vodafone has called for an end to the historic approach of using a "five-nines" metric as a measure of service reliability, saying it would be happy to get rid of the concept as it rolls out SDN and NFV technologies. That doesn't mean the company anticipates less reliable services, however.
Operators typically base service level agreements on a commitment to ensuring availability 99.999% of the time, but the virtualization of network infrastructure has already triggered a debate about the challenges of meeting this performance standard in future and even if it could be overhauled entirely.
That a major service provider has given a public signal of its willingness to ditch the whole five-nines concept is a huge deal and one that is likely to have ramifications for the entire market.
"We would be happy to get rid of the concept of five nines," said David Amzallag, the head of network virtualization, SDN and NFV at Vodafone Group plc (NYSE: VOD), during a keynote presentation at Light Reading's "OSS in the Era of SDN and NFV" conference in London on Thursday morning. "We don't care if the virtual machine collapses as long as the right mechanism exists to recover in zero time and with zero damage to services."
The big challenge for the industry, as Amzallag pointed out, is developing the mechanisms that will support zero downtime and zero damage. "We do not have the mechanism today and are far from it but we are investing a lot to have it," he told attendees.
During an impassioned presentation about the obstacles that Vodafone faces in its rollout of SDN and NFV technologies, Amzallag took aim at the vendor community for showing "no leadership" in some of the most important areas.
"We are determined to base our whole journey -- transport, infrastructure and virtualization of the portfolio -- on open interfaces, but we have the weakest link in this area," he said. "We see no leadership on the vendor side about how to interface with OSS systems, new service orchestration -- no initiative at all."
Despite this, Vodafone is forging ahead with its SDN and NFV rollout and plans to take advantage of those technologies to launch a single VPN service across a number of global markets in the near future, replacing many of its country-specific VPN services in the process. (See DT, Vodafone to Launch SDN-Based VPNs.)
Amzallag has not disclosed precise details for the timescale of the launch, though sources with knowledge of the project have previously informed Light Reading the targets are extremely ambitious.
"The timetable to launch the VPN service in insane," said an industry executive requesting anonymity during the recent SDN & Openflow World Congress in Dusseldorf, Germany. "I don't know how they're going to do it [in the timeframe]."
Top-management pressure on Vodafone's NFV team could explain Amzallag's frustration with the vendor community, but Caroline Chappell, a principal analyst at Heavy Reading , says that other service providers already rolling out NFV technology face similar uncertainties.
"One question is how relevant is the existing OSS and there is very little consensus on this," says Chappell. "Quite a few [service providers] are already implementing NFV and starting with the existing OSS even though long-term it won't be fit for purpose."
Asked by Light Reading why he thought there was a lack of leadership when it comes to OSS interfaces and service orchestration, Amzallag said there has been a history of poor collaboration in the industry in this area.
"Fragmentation has been notorious along the years and lack of leadership is a hint for a true revolution or change that needs to happen here," he said.
Other service providers appear to share many of Amzallag's concerns about support for BSS and OSS systems in a virtualized environment.
"The whole future of BSS and OSS architecture is very unclear to us and looks headed in a very complex direction -- it's the biggest task that we have in this space in my view with few mature directions," says Neil McRae, the chief network architect of UK fixed-line incumbent BT Group plc (NYSE: BT; London: BTA).
BT has also publicly complained about the immaturity of OpenStack -- one of the open-source technologies widely seen as a building block for NFV networks -- arguing it is not ready for use with carrier services during a presentation at the SDN & Openflow World Congress. (See BT Threatens to Ditch OpenStack.
"It is a great platform but not well tested from a security point of view," said Amzallag, when discussing OpenStack during his presentation. "On top of open source code we need well defined layers that are not part of open source communities and we're investing there -- without that we will not be able to use open-source interfaces."
— Iain Morris, , News Editor, Light Reading