This week in our WiCipedia roundup: How the US presidency will affect women in tech; Icelandic women protest for gender pay equality; the downward trend of women in tech; and more.
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It seems unbelievable to us, but somehow there's still a downward trend of women entering into and staying in tech. MarketWatch reports that in ten years, there will be fewer women in IT than there are now, from 24% to 22%. This should serve as a wake-up call, as it's not too late to turn the ship around, according to a report by Girls Who Code and
Accenture titled "Cracking the Gender Code." The report stresses that change must start early -- like grade-school early, since, as an article in the SF Chronicle states, "The gender gap in tech ... starts very, very young -- before kindergarten." In order to triple the amount of women in STEM by 2025, instead of losing 2% of the female workforce, 3.9 million girls would have to dedicate themselves to the tech path before graduating college. Girls Who Code Founder Reshma Saujani calls for a cultural shift where we alter perceptions of what girls are good at from the get-go, discarding stereotypes and embracing possibilities. It's only through this cultural revolution that we will be able to increase the percentage of women studying and working in STEM in the near future and beyond. See below for the breakdown. (See Meet the Future Workforce: New Faces, Expectations & Motivations.)
With so much emphasis on the impending US election and the candidates' treatment of and views on women, a look into how either a Trump or Clinton presidency would affect women in the workplace seems in order. Luckily, the political website The Hill has done just that. The article examines how women in tech specifically will be impacted, starting with the candidates' tech agendas. Clinton's plan "clearly emphasizes inclusion and diversity in the tech workforce ... [and] aims to invest in computer science and STEM education ... and increase access to capital for growth-oriented small businesses and startups, with a focus on minority, women and young entrepreneurs," among many other positive changes for women. Trump's plan is far less detailed, leaving much to speculation based on his other comments about women and work. The Hill professes, "...he thinks of women as nothing more than objects and does not value their intellect or ability to be contributing members of society. He seems to discount the potential of over half the workforce." In terms of gender parity, getting more women into STEM and increasing education for minorities, it appears that Clinton has won this particular battle. (See Trump's Telecom Policy? Who Knows? and WiCipedia: Trumpisms, Marriage Penalties & Back-to-School Inspo.)
For women in tech in the US, there's a constant emphasis -- especially on social media -- on the gender pay gap. But what are we really doing about it, and what difference is it making? A movement in Iceland is taking action that physically affects everyone in the tiny country, yet makes a global impact that we can all learn from. Buzzfeed reports that every year in Iceland, women protest work for part of one day. At 2:38 p.m. on Monday, October 24, or Kvennafrí (Women's Day Off), women left their desks (and sometimes schools) and joined together in a formal protest against the country's gender pay gap. This day has been in practice since 1975, and it seems to be working. Iceland currently has an 18% pay gap between men and women; that's in comparison to the average 20% pay gap in the US, reports the American Association of University Women, though the gap varies widely from state to state. While the US pay gap is predicted to remain to some degree until 2152, "Iceland is currently predicted to be the first country to close the gender pay gap. The country's government has pledged to achieve pay equality by 2022," Buzzfeed relays. Check out the video below from @salkadelasol to see the protest in action. (See 2020 Vision Photos: First Light and Happy(?) Equal Pay Day, Ladies.)
Re: The Future of Childhood @Kelsey, I don't know that kids do have those memories of playing in the dirt and building things by hand anymore unless parents make a concious effort to withhold tech. I've seen very young parents handing over iPads to distract their wailing babes. Would love to hear from some parents with young kids about how to find this balance. How do you raise the next tech big shot while ensuring they still know how to make a mud pie?
Housework and home responsiblities do seem to be what hold women back in many countries, or maybe everywhere. Responsibilies increase across the board but expectations remain the same. I don't know much about the culture around gender in Iceland, but I would assume it's more like Sweden, etc., and more equal between men and women. Still hard to make big change in a short amount of time. These things take time apparently. Too much time!
Re: The Future of Childhood @Eryn Your question about the relationship between country size and political change reminded me of this Invisibilia podcast called Outside In where they asked the question - Can you truly fake it til you make it? They discussed women's rights in Rwanda and this female Rwandan debate team that was trying to use power poses and state positive messages to change their perspectives on their ability to debate since women weren't historically encouraged to be outspoken. It was also an interesting look at how the government said that women would be taking more leadership roles, but women's roles weren't changing within the home. For example, a woman who was a government official was still expected to meet traditional roles in the home like shining and setting out her husband's shoes every morning. Although Rwanda was trying to fast track the improvement of women's rights, they realized there were still a lot of stereotypes and cultural expectations in the way.
I was also surprised to read that the tech impact happens before kindergarten! I also wonder how parents can balance encouraging their kids to have an interest in tech with making sure they have those memories of crafts and playing outdoors, like you mentioned.
The Future of Childhood I absolutely love that Iceland protest video! It feels so civilized and organized yet at the same time so powerful. Really gets the message across, and it seems to be working. I wonder what the impact of living in such a small country does to political messages -- is it easier to come together or harder to incite change?
I also find that having to make a tech impact by kindergarden feels very pressurized. I was reading an article and two women were talking about their childhoods (they were maybe 35) and saying that since there wasn't social media then, their memories were childhood-based, not tech-based. They weren't posting Facebook updates or taking selfies; they were drawing and climbing trees and playing dress up. Will future generations only remember sitting in front of computers and staring at iPhones?