& cplSiteName &

India Looks to WiMax for Broadband

Light Reading
News Analysis
Light Reading

In contrast to the explosive growth of mobile in India, the country is struggling to get broadband connectivity off the ground with its limited fixed-line infrastructure -- paving the way for WiMax as a potential savior.

On the face of it, 2005 was the year broadband arrived in India –- it started the year with just 49,000 broadband subscribers, and ended with 835,000, according to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) , a 17-fold increase. But considering India has a population of 1.08 billion, broadband penetration was less than 0.01 per cent.

The most recent available figures from TRAI show there was a total of 6.1 million Internet subscribers in September, and analyst firm Tonse Telecom estimates that rose to somewhere between 6.9 million and 7.1 million in December. That means about 1 in 8 connections was broadband (defined as higher than 256 kbit/s).

Table 1: Internet connectivity in India

Dec 04 Mar 05 Jun 05 Sep 05 Dec 05
Internet subscribers 5,450,000 5,554,000 5,892,000 6,125,000 6,900,000*
Broadband subscribers 49,000 186,000 396,000 610,000 835,000
Internet caf�s 74,000 n/a n/a n/a 105,350*
Source: TRAI, Tonse Telecom

"It's absolutely abysmal compared to other countries with equal per capita GDP," says Ravi Bhagavan, vice president at consultancy Galileo Global Advisors LLC , noting that the government's broadband policy target was to have 3 million subscribers by the end of 2005. "Talk about aiming at the sky and shooting the treetops... In fact, I think they hit the trunk."

There are carrier efforts underway to encourage adoption -- offering cut price packages and PC bundles, looking for ways to build out networks -- but the existing network is not extensive enough to meet demand, and so far their focus has largely been on handling the rush for mobile services. (See India's Telecom Market Accelerates.) "There is a certain level of buildout of the fixed network, but it's mostly mobile and fixed wireless," says Bhagavan, who was surprised to see the majority of Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd. (BSNL) 's $4 billion-plus network investment going on mobile. (See Mega BSNL Contract Looms.) "The carriers may have lost focus on broadband development... They may be struggling with that issue."

There are several reasons for the lack of investment in India's Internet connectivity:
  • Until recently, incumbents owned almost 95 percent of India’s last-mile copper links, which are not open for shared access by other carriers, and had not committed to building out the local loop.
  • Undeveloped cable assets. Cable operators have had a hard time raising financing for capital investment, leaving the telcos to provide broadband service via DSL.
  • Connectivity and transit remain expensive. The high cost of circuits has made it difficult for ISPs to provide cost-effective services -- at $20,000, a 2-Mbit/s E1 line is far higher than the cost of a comparable circuit in the U.S. India only opened its first Internet exchange, National Internet eXchange of India (NIXI) , in 2004, and connectivity charges remain high compared to other countries.
  • Restrained consumer interest. Low PC penetration, the price of broadband services, and lack of local content are all factors, although as India's economy grows, demand for services is taking off.

In Tonse Telecom's latest report, founder Sridhar Pai writes: "It is now clear that India needs a broadband savior to reduce the great divide." And that's where WiMax comes in.

The cost of fiber and the logistics of laying cable in the ground continue to turn off carriers from building out their fixed networks, whereas mobile technologies enable them to install equipment above the ground relatively quickly.

WiMax -- the metro version of wireless LAN -- is being heralded by vendors and carriers alike as the way to roll out broadband services wirelessly, given that around 70 percent of India's population lives in rural areas where there is little telecom infrastructure of any description. "Everybody agrees wireless is the way to go," Pai tells Light Reading.

The Indian government has committed to using its Universal Service Obligation (USO) fund (under which alternative carriers compensate incumbents for providing services in uneconomic locations) to build out rural telecom networks and is looking at inviting bids from operators to build and run wireless base stations. "There may be sharing to some extent between the top three bidders," says Bhagavan at Galileo. "That is going to substantially open things up not just for cellular service, but for WiMax as well."

Several of India's major carriers, including Reliance Communications Ltd. , Bharti Tele-Ventures Ltd. , and Sify Technologies Ltd. (Nasdaq: SIFY), have acquired spectrum licenses to deploy wireless broadband services and have expressed interest in going with WiMax. BSNL, the largest carrier, has announced plans to offer WiMax services in Chennai, Bangalore, Kolkata, New Delhi, and Mumbai in 2006.

On the equipment side, vendors see developing markets as a major opportunity for WiMax, and Table 2 lists those who are active in India.

Table 2: WiMax vendors in India
Company Sales Engineering
Alcatel - CDOT Yes Yes
Axxcelera Broadband Wireless Yes No
Beceem Communications Yes Yes
Cambridge Broadband Yes No
Gemtek (now Browan) Yes No
Intel Yes Yes
Ixia No Yes
Kyocera Yes Yes
Motorola Yes Yes
Navini Yes Yes
Nokia Yes Yes
Nortel Yes Yes
PMC Sierra via Avnet No
Samsung Yes Yes
Telsima Yes Yes
Vcom via MRO TEK No
Wintegra Yes Yes
WiLan Yes No
Source: Tonse Telecom

Companies based in India, like Beceem Communications Inc. and Telsima Corp. , are already firmly on the WiMax bandwagon. "Local Indian vendors have a natural advantage to manufacture at lower costs compared to their international peers," says Bhagavan. "They can produce indigenous versions of WiMax systems at a fifth or a tenth of the cost." (See Beceem Accelerates WiMax, India's VC Race Boosts Telsima, and Moto Pushes WiMax in Asia.)

But there's a note of caution to the WiMax hype. As Pai writes, "The problem with WiMAX as a solution for India today is it may be too little, [and] too early" for the kind of large-scale rapid deployment that's needed.

The first wave of WiMax products is coming up for certification by the WiMAX Forum . But even then, it's not just a case of installing some WiMax kit. Pai says that the fiber network in India is typically 15 kilometers from the last mile. As Light Reading's WiMax Guide notes, "Although the maximum radius of a cell is theoretically 50 km (depending on the frequency band chosen), typical deployments will use cells of radii from 3 to 10 km." Pai reckons it's more likely that "WiFi/WiMax combinations with 3G might be able to do the trick."

In the meantime, he writes, "While much is being discussed about the last mile and the optimal technology to get there, the undeterred Indian internet user perhaps is less concerned about getting the RJ45 into his home wall socket. He has already left for the nearby cyber dhaba [Internet café]."

— Nicole Willing, Reporter, Light Reading

(0)  | 
Comment  | 
Print  | 
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View        ADD A COMMENT
Educational Resources
sponsor supplied content
Educational Resources Archive
From The Founder
Cisco's Conrad Clemson, recently promoted to head up the company's Service Provider Apps & Platforms developments, talks to Light Reading's Founder and CEO Steve Saunders about how he's bringing cloud video, mobile and virtualization together to empower network operators.
Flash Poll
Live Streaming Video
Charting the CSP's Future
Six different communications service providers join to debate their visions of the future CSP, following a landmark presentation from AT&T on its massive virtualization efforts and a look back on where the telecom industry has been and where it's going from two industry veterans.
LRTV Custom TV
How Metrological Keeps Cable Customers on the Couch

3|28|17   |     |   (0) comments

Metrological offers an open source solution that reduces the time it takes cable operators to integrate OTT content into the linear television viewing experience.
Shades of Ray
Why Analytics Is the Tech World's Digital Glue

3|27|17   |   02:20   |   (0) comments

It was obvious at the massive annual CeBIT enterprise tech trade show that the foundation for tech innovation right now is real-time analytics.
LRTV Custom TV
CommScope – Meeting the Demands of Tomorrow's Networks

3|24|17   |     |   (0) comments

Phil Sorksy, Vice President International at CommScope, discusses addressing the challenges faced by service providers today, and as future trends emerge.
LRTV Huawei Video Resource Center
AMS-IX & Huawei's OSN 902

3|24|17   |     |   (0) comments

Huawei shows how its OSN 902 platform helps the Amsterdam Internet exchange to connect the world using multiplexing.
LRTV Huawei Video Resource Center
Huawei's Smart Energy Innovation Center

3|24|17   |     |   (0) comments

In Nuremberg, Huawei showcases its latest capabilities in the digitalization of Internet resources, network infrastructure and intelligence at its Smart Energy Innovation Center.
Valley Wonk
OFC & Hyperscale: A Good Mix?

3|24|17   |   01:50   |   (0) comments

Cloud and telecom players want different types of equipment for their networks, as the chatter at OFC reveals.
LRTV Custom TV
Etisalat on NFV Journey

3|24|17   |   10:37   |   (0) comments

Etisalat is a service provider that prides itself on bringing innovative technologies to the markets it serves. It was one of the first operators to implement 3G and leads the pack in fiber penetration. Now, Esmaeel Al Hammadi, Etisalat's SVP of Network Development, explains the operator's journey to virtualization, beginning with the network core, as well as the ...
LRTV Huawei Video Resource Center
Huawei at CeBIT 2017: Day 3

3|22|17   |     |   (0) comments

Light Reading reports from CeBIT 2017 in Germany, where Huawei is exhibiting on the application of technologies and key business verticals such as transportation, smart city, manufacturing, media and finance.
LRTV Documentaries
No Regrets: Cox's Finkelstein on Fiber & More

3|22|17   |     |   (0) comments

At the Cable Next-Gen Technologies & Strategies event in Denver, Cox's Jeff Finkelstein examines the cable capex conundrum.
LRTV Documentaries
Cable Next-Gen: The 'Mile High' View From Denver

3|22|17   |   11:56   |   (0) comments

Alan Breznick kicks off the Cable Next-Gen Technologies & Strategies event in Denver, casting his thousand-yard stare over cable's current competitive landscape.
LRTV Huawei Video Resource Center
Huawei at CeBIT 2017: Day 2

3|21|17   |   2:27   |   (0) comments

Light Reading reports from CeBIT 2017 in Germany, where Huawei is exhibiting digital transformation solutions around IoT, smart data centers, OpenCloud ecosystem and its newly announced storage-as-a-service solution.
LRTV Custom TV
Driving Better Mobile Customer Experience While Transforming the Mobile Network

3|21|17   |   7:47   |   (0) comments

Light Reading talked to George McGregor of Citrix about the NetScaler Mobile Gateway - an intelligent traffic management solution which can markedly improve the customer experience provided by mobile operators, even when traffic is encrypted. Critical network services can be consolidated and virtualized using NetScaler. Because of the unique architecture, ...
Upcoming Live Events
May 15-17, 2017, Austin Convention Center, Austin, TX
May 15, 2017, Austin Convention Center - Austin, TX
June 6, 2017, The Joule Hotel, Dallas, TX
All Upcoming Live Events
With the mobile ecosystem becoming increasingly vulnerable to security threats, AdaptiveMobile has laid out some of the key considerations for the wireless community.
Hot Topics
High-Band 5G: Let's Address the Range Question, Shall We?
Dan Jones, Mobile Editor, 3/21/2017
Eurobites: A1, Nokia Turn It Up to 11
Paul Rainford, Assistant Editor, Europe, 3/22/2017
FTTH No Slam Dunk for Cable
Carol Wilson, Editor-at-large, 3/23/2017
Nokia & Facebook Push Undersea Fiber to 32 Tbit/s
Craig Matsumoto, Editor-in-Chief, Light Reading, 3/21/2017
Like Us on Facebook
Twitter Feed
BETWEEN THE CEOs - Executive Interviews
TEOCO Founder and CEO Atul Jain talks to Light Reading Founder and CEO Steve Saunders about the challenges around cost control and service monetization in the mobile and IoT sectors.
At MWC 2017, Qualcomm's CTO Matt Grob talks to Light Reading's CEO and Founder Steve Saunders about the progress being made in the development of the technologies and standards that will underpin 5G.
Animals with Phones
Working From Home Doesn't Work for Everyone Click Here
You shouldn't nap on your keyboard, for instance.
Live Digital Audio

Playing it safe can only get you so far. Sometimes the biggest bets have the biggest payouts, and that is true in your career as well. For this radio show, Caroline Chan, general manager of the 5G Infrastructure Division of the Network Platform Group at Intel, will share her own personal story of how she successfully took big bets to build a successful career, as well as offer advice on how you can do the same. We’ll cover everything from how to overcome fear and manage risk, how to be prepared for where technology is going in the future and how to structure your career in a way to ensure you keep progressing. Chan, a seasoned telecom veteran and effective risk taker herself, will also leave plenty of time to answer all your questions live on the air.