Light Reading
After nearly 8 years in business and $300M in funding, the core routing company can't hold on

Caspian Closes Its Doors

Phil Harvey
News Analysis
Phil Harvey
9/14/2006
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Caspian Networks Inc. , originally founded as Packetcom in 1998, has shut its doors and ceased operations, according to two sources close to the company.

Caspian, founded by Internet pioneer Dr. Lawrence Roberts, had as many as 323 employees about five-and-a-half years ago, but that number has fluctuated wildly over the company's many fits and starts. Fewer than 100 people remained when the decision was made to shut the doors, a source close to the company says.

Roberts left Caspian in early 2004. Light Reading was the first to report his arrival at Anagran Inc. , where he took the ideas of tracking IP traffic based on flows, in order to provide quality of service (QOS) and load balancing, and applied it to customer premises equipment. (See Roberts' Anagran Plan Draws $8M.) [Ed. note: By the way, "a nag ran" is an anagram for Anagran.]

Caspian made quite a splash in its early days. After raising an $85 million third round of funding -- a round backed by Merrill Lynch & Co. Inc. , ABN AMRO 's private equity arm, and others -- many thought the company was destined to be one of the tech industry's next big IPOs. (See Internet Pioneer Plots IP Revolution and Caspian Prepares for an IPO.)

The company's mission was to build one big honkin' core IP router that would allow carriers to provide unprecedented QOS -- even in an all-IP network. But by early 2002, Caspian had washed out all its early investors and was still hungry for cash. (See Washed Out in the Valley.)

Its fourth funding round -- a monster $120 million round -- closed in early 2002. All the while, the company had a revolving door in the CEO's office, and it experienced several rounds of layoffs while waiting for its revolutionary router to scare up a customer. (See Caspian's CEO Suddenly Bolts, Caspian Names New CEO, Caspian Names CEO/Prez/Chairman, and Caspian Starts Fresh With $120M.)

In 2003, Caspian finally explained its router to the world and boasted that it had some 35 carrier trials going on. Indeed, it looked as though the years of hype and the millions invested were starting to pay off. (See Caspian Comes Out.)

Or not.

Some months later, Caspian toned down its core routing rhetoric and followed Cisco Systems Inc. (Nasdaq: CSCO) into the world of helping carriers monitor and control the traffic caused by peer to peer (P2P) networks. (See Caspian Adds P2P Punch.)

In May 2005, Caspian shocked the private equity world again by ringing up another $55 million in funding, bringing its total funding to date to more than $300 million. The company said at the time that it was hoping to become profitable in late 2006.

One last peep out of Caspian came in April, when the company put itself out there as the solution for the network neutrality debate. In a clever bit of marketing, the company invented the Fair Use Policy Framework, a fancy way of describing the process of allocating different bandwidth thresholds to different services. (See Caspian Plays Fair.)

First core routing. Then P2P networking. Then net neutrality. Investors apparently put the kibosh on the company before it crow-barred itself into another communications fad. [Ed. note: "Gosh, that's the largest gaming console I've ever seen!"] Light Reading's calls to several Caspian investors weren't returned. Calls to Caspian's CEO Brad Wurtz were not returned by press time, so it's yet unclear how far along the company is in its closure or whether any bidders have emerged for its intellectual property. Calls to industry analysts were met with uncomfortable silence in one case, and stifled laughter in another.

— Phil Harvey, News Editor, Light Reading

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netphilic
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netphilic,
User Rank: Light Beer
12/5/2012 | 3:40:55 AM
re: Caspian Closes Its Doors
Someone should learn from Caspian, how to fire CEO, employee n' number of times :(
reoptic
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reoptic,
User Rank: Light Beer
12/5/2012 | 3:40:55 AM
re: Caspian Closes Its Doors
It tolls for core routing VCs.
opticalwatcher
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opticalwatcher,
User Rank: Light Beer
12/5/2012 | 3:40:54 AM
re: Caspian Closes Its Doors
Didn't Caspian once win a contract with the Defense Department to build orbiting routers?

Wasn't there some news release about a Caspian win in Asia in the last week or so?
Meister
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Meister,
User Rank: Light Beer
12/5/2012 | 3:40:54 AM
re: Caspian Closes Its Doors
Just another Larry Roberts special. Zero for how many the past 20 years?
startup_shutup
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startup_shutup,
User Rank: Light Beer
12/5/2012 | 3:40:53 AM
re: Caspian Closes Its Doors
Ed. note: "Gosh, that's the largest gaming console I've ever seen!"

This is the best quote ... many company products in Silly Con Valley could be described with this apt comment!!
ozip
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ozip,
User Rank: Light Beer
12/5/2012 | 3:40:52 AM
re: Caspian Closes Its Doors
A story as old as time. Even before we had core routers for the Internet, we had high end routers/bridges for scores of failed companies. But if your keeping track, do a rough tally of the failures and compare that with the how much was sold (say using Dello numbers). When you dissect the market for routers specifically tarketed at the core, the prize for winning was never that big or big enough to go around.

Is Avici one customer away from the same fate?

OZIP
oemarket_com
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oemarket_com,
User Rank: Light Beer
12/5/2012 | 3:40:52 AM
re: Caspian Closes Its Doors
If the $300million spent on Caspian were given to R&D projects in universities and research institutions, much more intellectual properties would have been generated than what they have now at Caspian.
It is obvious that half-cooked ideas should be kept in the university lab as long as possible.
Lite Rock
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Lite Rock,
User Rank: Light Beer
12/5/2012 | 3:40:52 AM
re: Caspian Closes Its Doors
Ouch That Hurtz!!
dave@dwdmr.com
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dave@dwdmr.com,
User Rank: Light Beer
12/5/2012 | 3:40:51 AM
re: Caspian Closes Its Doors
Startup

You are like an old broken down LP record that is stuck on replay. Your negativity is never ending, it can not be quantified, it is of epic proportions. It reaches into every recess like a foul ordour. Enough already.

Caspian tried mightily and they failed. As an emigrant from Ireland I know that the ability to fail, sometimes repeatedly, yet to continue to strive and have the opportunity to be sucessful after these failures is seen as one of America's gretest strengths.

Better to have tried and failed than never tried at all. After all you could end stuck in a grounhog day moment like you appear to be which seems a much sorrier state.

So Shutup "SHUTUP!"
startup_shutup
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startup_shutup,
User Rank: Light Beer
12/5/2012 | 3:40:51 AM
re: Caspian Closes Its Doors
>> It is obvious that half-cooked ideas should be kept in the university lab as long as possible.

In USA we have FALSE ECONOMY (based on people selling overpriced houses to each other) ...

Naturally there would be FALSE companies in this SCAM environment ....
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