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Beginners' Guides
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Mobile WiMax
Beginners' Guides  | 
5/14/2007  |  Post a comment
Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access, for faster, more robust radio links
Optical Modulation
Beginners' Guides  | 
11/19/2001  |  12 comments
The switching on and off of laser light in order to represent information in an optical network
Optical Detection & Regeneration
Beginners' Guides  | 
10/9/2001  |  Post a comment
The conversion of noisy optical signals into clean electrical signals
Optical Networks
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/2/2001  |  Post a comment
Optical fibers connecting locations many miles apart, and carrying information in the form of on-off flashes of laser light
Optical Fiber
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/2/2001  |  18 comments
Very thin strands of pure silica glass through which laser light travels in an optical network
Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/2/2001  |  149 comments
Transmitting many different colors (wavelengths) of laser light down the same optical fiber at the same time, in order to increase the amount of information that can be transferred
Formatting for Transmission
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  1 comment
The conversion of data into 1s and 0s, and the different ways in which these signals can be transmitted through optical fiber
Optical Networking Glossary
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  5 comments
Optical Units Reference
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
Multipliers, Optical Power, Gain & Loss, Wavelength & Frequency, and Bandwidth & Optical Modulation Bandwidth
Protocol Basics
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  6 comments
Forms of communication among network devices to enable the exchange of information
Sonet (Synchronous Optical NETwork) and SDH (Synchronous Digital Hierarchy)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  23 comments
Physical-layer protocol that frames data for fast and reliable transmission over optical fiber
Internet Protocol (IP)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  2 comments
A network-layer protocol that puts Internet data into packets and helps them to be routed over interconnected local area networks (LANs)
Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  4 comments
A protocol for the swift routing of data streams, bringing improved performance and quality-of-service options to IP traffic
Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  12 comments
A data-link layer protocol allowing integration of voice and data with the ability to provide quality-of-service guarantees
Ethernet
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  79 comments
A data-link layer protocol commonly used to transfer Internet Protocol (IP) packets over cables in local area networks (LANs)
Digital Wrappers and Forward Error Correction (FEC)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  16 comments
An encapsulation method for traffic of all protocols, allowing an optical network to be protocol transparent, its functions to be managed in an efficient manner, and its data to be transmitted more reliably
Laser Basics
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
Devices giving out intense light at one specific color
Distributed Feedback (DFB) Lasers
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
Lasers giving out a very sharply defined color of light
Tunable Lasers
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  9 comments
Lasers that can be adjusted to emit one of several different wavelengths
Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VCSELs)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
Lasers that emit light from their surface in contrast with regular 'edge emitters'
Optical Amplification
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
Boosting of an optical signal without any conversion of the light into an electrical signal
Erbium Doped-Fiber Amplifiers (EDFAs)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  7 comments
Optical amplifiers made of short lengths of optical fiber doped with the element 'erbium'. A laser excites erbium ions in the fiber, which can then give their energy to optical signals passing through
Raman Amplification
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  25 comments
Optical amplification process throughout the actual transmission fiber in an optical network, caused by a carefully selected pump-laser wavelength scattering from atoms in the fiber and changing its wavelength to that of the optical signal
Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (SOAs)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  4 comments
Similar to regular lasers, but with an optical signal being amplified by stimulating light emission
Nonlinear Effects
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
High optical powers causing various effects on signals in optical fibers, usually detrimental
Chromatic Dispersion and Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
The spreading out of light pulses in time due to different wavelengths traveling at different speeds (chromatic dispersion) or different polarization states traveling at different speeds (polarization mode dispersion)
Arrayed Waveguide Gratings (AWGs)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
Integrated optical circuits that can combine (multiplex) or separate (demultiplex) different wavelength signals in an optical network
Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  8 comments
Small sections of optical fiber that act like selective mirrors, only reflecting back specific wavelengths
Submarine Systems
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
Optical fiber links connecting countries through the world's oceans
Optical Crossconnects
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  41 comments
Devices that can switch optical signals between different optical fibers, without the need for conversion to electrical signals
Advanced Fiber Types
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  1 comment
Optical fiber designed to work with, or in place of, conventional fiber in order to improve overall system performance


From The Founder
Download our complete guide to de-risking NFV deployment in 2016, including:
  • An eight-step strategy to deploying NFV safely, based on input from the companies that have already started virtualizing their production networks.
  • Interviews with leading executives at Colt, AT&T, Deutsche Telekom, Cisco, Nokia, ZTE, Ericsson and Heavy Reading.
  • Flash Poll
    Live Streaming Video
    Prepping for the Future: Upskill U Explained
    During this short kick-off video, Doug Webster, Vice President of Service Provider Marketing, Cisco, and Light Reading’s CEO & Founder Steve Saunders give an overview of Upskill U.
    LRTV Custom TV
    Exclusive: Video Interview With Sckipio CEO David Baum

    5|5|16   |     |   (0) comments


    At his headquarters in Tel Aviv, G.fast visionary David Baum, CEO of Sckipio, provided an exclusive interview to Light Reading and showed how innovations in rate and reach, vector densities, fast reconnecting times and SFP-based residential gateways are expanding the potential of G.fast.
    Telecom Innovators Video Showcase
    Atrinet's NetACE – Migration to NFV & SDN With NetOps-Driven LSO

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    At Atrinet's headquarters, Ray Le Maistre sits down with Roy Silon to get an in-depth look into the company's focus and the secret recipe for their success.
    LRTV Huawei Video Resource Center
    Amsterdam ArenA, Powered by Huawei

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    Huawei's ICT solutions power the state-of-the-art Amsterdam ArenA, turning it into a smart stadium.
    LRTV Interviews
    Testing When There's No 'There' There

    5|4|16   |     |   (0) comments


    The benefits of SDN/NFV are well known, but the transition comes with some challenges, prominent among them is: how do you test a network that has been abstracted and has the potential to be endlessly reconfigurable? Light Reading was at NFV World Congress in Santa Clara, Calif., where we bumped into Mats Nordlund, CEO and co-founder of Netrounds, a Swedish ...
    LRTV Interviews
    Ditching the Slash & the Orchestration Wars

    5|3|16   |     |   (2) comments


    SDN and NFV have been inextricably bound with each other for so long that on a conceptual level, smooshing them together into one catch-all phrase – SDNFV – is now justifiable, according to Dan Pitt, executive director of the Open Networking Foundation (ONF). Light Reading spoke to Pitt at the NFV World Congress, where he explained that the next ...
    LRTV Custom TV
    ZTE TV Connect Highlights

    5|3|16   |     |   (0) comments


    ZTE gives us a tour of its booth and new products at TV Connect in London.
    LRTV Custom TV
    Deluxe's Unified Delivery Solution

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    Join Alan Breznick of Light Reading and visit the Deluxe booth at NAB! Here you'll find Deluxe's Unified Delivery Solution, OTT video, virtual reality, HDR, 4K and much more!
    LRTV Interviews
    Verizon Puts Gray Boxes in the Shade

    5|2|16   |   04:33   |   (1) comment


    When it comes to the white box trend, "gray" boxes, which have a slight proprietary twist, don't give service providers and end users the advantages they're seeking, according to Verizon's Vice President of Product and New Business Innovation Shawn Hakl.
    LRTV Custom TV
    Dealing With a Disrupted Video Market

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    Ericsson's Simon Frost discusses how traditional pay-TV providers can cope with the big changes wrought by the rise of OTT video and IP technology.
    LRTV Custom TV
    The VNF Responsibility of Red Hat

    5|2|16   |     |   (0) comments


    At MWC, Caroline Chappell of Heavy Reading visits the Red Hat booth and sits down with Chris Wright to talk about the responsibility the VNF needs to take on in order to ensure the operators get the carrier-grade performance they expect for their network.
    LRTV Interviews
    AT&T Expert on the Key Pillars of UC

    4|29|16   |   03:58   |   (0) comments


    Vishy Gopalakrishnan, AVP of product marketing at AT&T, talks about the three developments that are making unified communications and collaboration secure and reliable for enterprise users.
    LRTV Documentaries
    LRTV Report: Mobile Core Innovation

    4|28|16   |   25:32   |   (0) comments


    Hear from multiple industry experts from Deutsche Telekom, SK Telecom, Heavy Reading, Huawei, Cisco, Ericsson, Nokia, NEC and many more about developments in the mobile core as operators virtualize their IMS and evolved packet core systems and prepare for a 5G world.
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    May 24-25, 2016, Austin Convention Center, Austin, TX
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    June 16-18, 2017, Austin Convention Center, Austin, TX
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    Infographics
    A new survey conducted by Heavy Reading and TM Forum shows that CSPs around the world see the move to digital operations as a necessary part of their overall virtualization strategies.
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    BETWEEN THE CEOs - Executive Interviews
    In this latest installment of the CEO Chat series, Craig Labovitz, co-founder and CEO of Deepfield, sits down with Light Reading's Steve Saunders in Light Reading's New York City office to discuss how Deepfield fits in with the big data trend and more.
    Grant van Rooyen, president and CEO of Cologix, sits down with Steve Saunders, founder and CEO of Light Reading, in the vendor's New Jersey facility to offer an inside look at the company's success story and discuss the importance of security in the telecom industry.
    Animals with Phones
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    Sloth mail -- somehow even slower than snail mail.
    Live Digital Audio

    Of all the tech companies in the Valley, Intel has made the most aggressive commitment to building a diverse and inclusive workplace culture. It's doing so by taking concrete, measurable steps, making a large financial investment and through a commitment to complete transparency about its progress. In this radio show, WiC Director Sarah Thomas will be joined by Shlomit Weiss, Intel's Vice President, Data Center Group, and General Manager of Networking Engineering, who will share with us why Intel is tackling this huge challenge, how and to what effect. She will also discuss her unique experiences leading development of Client SOC development in the past and today leading development of all of the chipmaker's silicon hardware for networking IPs and discrete devices and managing a team of 600 engineers across Israel, Europe and the US.