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Beginners' Guides
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Mobile WiMax
Beginners' Guides  | 
5/14/2007  |  Post a comment
Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access, for faster, more robust radio links
Optical Modulation
Beginners' Guides  | 
11/19/2001  |  12 comments
The switching on and off of laser light in order to represent information in an optical network
Optical Detection & Regeneration
Beginners' Guides  | 
10/9/2001  |  Post a comment
The conversion of noisy optical signals into clean electrical signals
Optical Networks
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/2/2001  |  Post a comment
Optical fibers connecting locations many miles apart, and carrying information in the form of on-off flashes of laser light
Optical Fiber
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/2/2001  |  18 comments
Very thin strands of pure silica glass through which laser light travels in an optical network
Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/2/2001  |  149 comments
Transmitting many different colors (wavelengths) of laser light down the same optical fiber at the same time, in order to increase the amount of information that can be transferred
Formatting for Transmission
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  1 comment
The conversion of data into 1s and 0s, and the different ways in which these signals can be transmitted through optical fiber
Optical Networking Glossary
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  5 comments
Optical Units Reference
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
Multipliers, Optical Power, Gain & Loss, Wavelength & Frequency, and Bandwidth & Optical Modulation Bandwidth
Protocol Basics
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  6 comments
Forms of communication among network devices to enable the exchange of information
Sonet (Synchronous Optical NETwork) and SDH (Synchronous Digital Hierarchy)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  23 comments
Physical-layer protocol that frames data for fast and reliable transmission over optical fiber
Internet Protocol (IP)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  2 comments
A network-layer protocol that puts Internet data into packets and helps them to be routed over interconnected local area networks (LANs)
Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  4 comments
A protocol for the swift routing of data streams, bringing improved performance and quality-of-service options to IP traffic
Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  12 comments
A data-link layer protocol allowing integration of voice and data with the ability to provide quality-of-service guarantees
Ethernet
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  79 comments
A data-link layer protocol commonly used to transfer Internet Protocol (IP) packets over cables in local area networks (LANs)
Digital Wrappers and Forward Error Correction (FEC)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  16 comments
An encapsulation method for traffic of all protocols, allowing an optical network to be protocol transparent, its functions to be managed in an efficient manner, and its data to be transmitted more reliably
Laser Basics
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
Devices giving out intense light at one specific color
Distributed Feedback (DFB) Lasers
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
Lasers giving out a very sharply defined color of light
Tunable Lasers
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  9 comments
Lasers that can be adjusted to emit one of several different wavelengths
Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VCSELs)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
Lasers that emit light from their surface in contrast with regular 'edge emitters'
Optical Amplification
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
Boosting of an optical signal without any conversion of the light into an electrical signal
Erbium Doped-Fiber Amplifiers (EDFAs)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  7 comments
Optical amplifiers made of short lengths of optical fiber doped with the element 'erbium'. A laser excites erbium ions in the fiber, which can then give their energy to optical signals passing through
Raman Amplification
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  25 comments
Optical amplification process throughout the actual transmission fiber in an optical network, caused by a carefully selected pump-laser wavelength scattering from atoms in the fiber and changing its wavelength to that of the optical signal
Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (SOAs)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  4 comments
Similar to regular lasers, but with an optical signal being amplified by stimulating light emission
Nonlinear Effects
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
High optical powers causing various effects on signals in optical fibers, usually detrimental
Chromatic Dispersion and Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
The spreading out of light pulses in time due to different wavelengths traveling at different speeds (chromatic dispersion) or different polarization states traveling at different speeds (polarization mode dispersion)
Arrayed Waveguide Gratings (AWGs)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
Integrated optical circuits that can combine (multiplex) or separate (demultiplex) different wavelength signals in an optical network
Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs)
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  8 comments
Small sections of optical fiber that act like selective mirrors, only reflecting back specific wavelengths
Submarine Systems
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  Post a comment
Optical fiber links connecting countries through the world's oceans
Optical Crossconnects
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  41 comments
Devices that can switch optical signals between different optical fibers, without the need for conversion to electrical signals
Advanced Fiber Types
Beginners' Guides  | 
8/1/2001  |  1 comment
Optical fiber designed to work with, or in place of, conventional fiber in order to improve overall system performance


From The Founder
NFV's promises of automation and virtualization are intriguing, but what really excites service providers is the massive amount of money they could save.
Flash Poll
Live Streaming Video
Charting the CSP's Future
Six different communications service providers join to debate their visions of the future CSP, following a landmark presentation from AT&T on its massive virtualization efforts and a look back on where the telecom industry has been and where it's going from two industry veterans.
Women in Comms Introduction Videos
VMWare VP Brings Women Up With Her

8|16|17   |   6:49   |   (1) comment


It's an art and a science to make mentorship, inclusive leadership, diversity and promotion of high-potential women work, says Honore' LaBourdette, vice president of Global Market Development at VMWare.
LRTV Documentaries
5G Spectrum Wars – The Recap

8|15|17   |   2:22   |   (0) comments


Service provider 3 has filed a lawsuit against Ofcom over 5G spectrum auction in the UK.
LRTV Custom TV
Say What? Facebook Unleashes AI Anarchy – The Recap

8|7|17   |     |   (0) comments


A recap of the week's talking points on Light Reading's sister site, telecoms.com. Facebook AI programmers had a bit of a brain-fade as they allowed one of its AI applications to invent its ...
Women in Comms Introduction Videos
Fujitsu's Women Band Together to Help Girls Do STEM

8|2|17   |   9:35   |   (1) comment


Supporting women both inside and outside of Fujitsu is a top priority of the telecom vendor. Yanbing Li, Fujitsu Network Communication's director of System Software Development & Delivery, shares why it's important, but why there's still a long road ahead.
LRTV Custom TV
If You're Not First, You're Last – The Recap

7|31|17   |   08:18   |   (1) comment


In case you missed it, Amazon's 1% stock increase helped Jeff Bezos dethrone Bill Gates as the richest man in the world. Also, Taiwanese electronics manufacturer
Women in Comms Introduction Videos
AT&T's Tech President Preps Workforce for the Future

7|26|17   |   5:47   |   (10) comments


AT&T is focused on the software-defined network of the future and is reskilling its workforce to get ready too, according to AT&T's President of Technology Development Melissa Arnoldi.
Women in Comms Introduction Videos
Cisco: Mentoring Critical to Attract & Retain Women

7|19|17   |   6:40   |   (1) comment


Liz Centoni, senior vice president and general manager of Cisco's Computing System Product Group, shares why mentoring in all its forms is important for women and what Cisco is doing that's made a difference for women in tech.
LRTV Custom TV
Gigabit LTE With Snapdragon 835

7|12|17   |     |   (1) comment


At an event in Wembley stadium, EE used its live network to demonstrate gigabit LTE using a Sony Xperia XZ Premium smartphone with a Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 chip.
LRTV Custom TV
Implementing Machine Intelligence With Guavus

7|12|17   |     |   (0) comments


Guavus unites big data and machine intelligence, enabling many of the the largest service providers in the world to save money and drive measureable revenue. Learn how applying Machine Intelligence substantially reduces operational costs and in many cases can eliminate subscriber impact, meaning a better subscriber experience and higher NPS.
LRTV Custom TV
Unlocking Customer Experience Insights With Machine Intelligence

7|12|17   |     |   (0) comments


When used to analyze operational data and to drive operational decisions, machine intelligence reduces the number of tasks which require human intervention. Guavus invested in Machine Intelligence early. Learn about the difference between Machine Learning and Machine Intelligence.
Women in Comms Introduction Videos
Verizon VP Talks Network, Career Planning

7|12|17   |   4:49   |   (0) comments


Heidi Hemmer, vice president of Technology, Strategy & Planning at Verizon, shares how bold bets and the future of tech define her career.
Telecom Innovators Video Showcase
Masergy's NFV Journey

7|11|17   |     |   (0) comments


Ray Watson, vice president of global technology at Masergy, discusses the advantages and challenges in entering the still-maturing NFV market for the past three years.
Upcoming Live Events
September 28, 2017, Denver, CO
October 18, 2017, Colorado Convention Center - Denver, CO
November 1, 2017, The Royal Garden Hotel
November 1, 2017, The Montcalm Marble Arch
November 2, 2017, 8 Northumberland Avenue, London, UK
November 30, 2017, The Westin Times Square
All Upcoming Live Events
Infographics
With the mobile ecosystem becoming increasingly vulnerable to security threats, AdaptiveMobile has laid out some of the key considerations for the wireless community.
Hot Topics
Intel CEO Leaves Trump Biz Advisory Board
Dan Jones, Mobile Editor, 8/15/2017
Are Cord-Cutting's Days Numbered?
Alan Breznick, Cable/Video Practice Leader, Light Reading, 8/14/2017
Orchestration Startup UBiqube Pivots Away From NFV
Carol Wilson, Editor-at-large, 8/15/2017
Verizon Video Woes Pile On
Mari Silbey, Senior Editor, Cable/Video, 8/14/2017
WiCipedia: Dolly Babes, Manifesto Backlash & 'Brotastic' Failures
Eryn Leavens, Special Features & Copy Editor, 8/18/2017
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Live Digital Audio

Understanding the full experience of women in technology requires starting at the collegiate level (or sooner) and studying the technologies women are involved with, company cultures they're part of and personal experiences of individuals.

During this WiC radio show, we will talk with Nicole Engelbert, the director of Research & Analysis for Ovum Technology and a 23-year telecom industry veteran, about her experiences and perspectives on women in tech. Engelbert covers infrastructure, applications and industries for Ovum, but she is also involved in the research firm's higher education team and has helped colleges and universities globally leverage technology as a strategy for improving recruitment, retention and graduation performance.

She will share her unique insight into the collegiate level, where women pursuing engineering and STEM-related degrees is dwindling. Engelbert will also reveal new, original Ovum research on the topics of artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things, security and augmented reality, as well as discuss what each of those technologies might mean for women in our field. As always, we'll also leave plenty of time to answer all your questions live on the air and chat board.